Attis is a family-owned winery founded in2000 by third generation wine growers. Owned by the Fariña family, father Robustiano provides years of experience to support his sons Baldomero andRobustiano, Jr. in their management of the vineyard, winery and business operations.
In order to enhance quality, in 2011 Attis inaugurated a new, modernized winery facility – and hired Jean-François Hébrard for technical advice and ecological cultivation inthe vineyards. These initiatives came into fruition with the 2012 vintage, encompassing all aspects of winemaking, spontaneous fermentation, aging on lees, and a reduction in sulfur usage.
The winery owns 12.3 acres of vineyards, with Albariño vinesranging from 5 to 40 years of age, planted on traditional trellises. The vineyards aredivided into more than 30 plots, ranging from 0. 21 to 1.2 acres in size,reaching up to 328 feet in altitude with views of the Atlantic.
The region’s maritime climate is characterized by mildtemperatures, with abundant rainfall and heavy winds during the year. The vineyardshave granite soil with sandy-clay character.
The winery "AdegasArousa" is named for the locally renowned Ría de Arosa, in tribute to this historic, geographic zone. The area has a high-end gastronomic tradition that results in many excellent pairings for Albariño wines. The winery is located in the heartof the Salnés Valley, between the slopes of Mount Cabalos and Umia.
Thewinery was created in 1999 as social initiativeby three young entrepreneurial winegrowers with roots in the area. The Albariñovineyards have been meticulously planted resulting in a remarkable wine project.
Located in Meder (Pontevedra), in Rías Baixas, Adegas Galegas has been recognized since the beginning for a deep respect for the tradition and quality of its winemaking. The winery aspires to make the most distinguished white wines in Spain with Albariño as the principal grape.
Adegas Galegas was founded in 1995 to unify the winegrowing legacy of two regions of DO Rías Baixas: O Rosal and O Condado.
Grapes are sourced from estate vineyards in Meder and Goián to produce wines like D. Pedro de Soutomaior, considered one of the best white wines from Spain and globally.
Pazos de Lusco lies in the Condado de Tea, in the South of the region, some 40km from the coast. Conditions in this area are just right for grapes to ripen: moderate rainfall, low winter tempertatures and sunny summers, whilst the soil is poor in organic materials , with a high mineral content and excellent drainage.
At the heart of the estate lies the Pazo Piñeiro, a16th Century Pazo or country house surrounded by 5 hectares of vineyards, planted with Albariño grapes.
Production at Pazos de Lusco is very limited. The wine is made in the traditional way of the area, to produce the maximum expression of the vineyard.
Tradition.Family. Friends. Devotion. Vocation. A wide range of words could describe our winery, Adegas Valmiñor, because we are a wide range of great things that lead into the same passion, our wines.
The winery was first stablished in 1997, but our how-to-do tradition is ancestral. We love the Albariño grape, but also the Treixadura, Loureiro, Caíño, Castañal, ... We love our land, O Rosal, and all that it gives to us. We respect it and take care of it because it is our legacy. It is our life.
For more than 100 years we made wines in the traditional method with excellent results, but distribution was limited to the province of Pontevedra. To bring our wines to a wider international audience, we founded the Altos de Cristimil winery in the “Rias Baixas” denomination. We use the most modern methods and winemaking techniques, which extract the maximum potential from our grapes while respecting their natural character. The partial cold maceration and combination of our different coupages, balanced in ideal proportions allows for singular fruit expression, aromatic complexity and freshness.
Our vineyards are situated in the municipality of Meaño, in the
heart of the Salnes, where they benefit from a
superior drainage system to produce high quality grapes and
FAMILY OF WINE PRODUCERS
Over a long history of making wines Altos de Cristimil has received critical acclaim, including many awards in competitions with other Albariño wines.
100 hectare vineyard located on the slope of Mount Galelo (Municipality Tomiño, Pontevedra). Although near the Atlantic and the Minho River , its location halfway up the slope makes it affect neither the mists and moisture of the valley, or existing cold on the peaks . The south orientation ensures good heat stroke, which contributes to a perfect ripening of the grapes .
The history of Bodegas As Laxas dates to 1975 when the family of Simon Ferro completed their inaugural harvest. As Laxas was one of the first wineries in Rías Baixas (prior to the official founding of the DO) and is a founding member of the Regulation Council of 1986.
The winery is located in the Miño River Valley, in the village of Arbo. The vineyards are over 30 years old and are planted on south-facing granite terraces between 500 and 650 feet. The exceptional micro-climate is characterized by mild temperatures with an annual average of 60ºF, very little frost and abundant rainfall. This micro-climate is ideal for ripening, characterized by a higher sugar content and lower acidity level than more northerly areas of Rías Baixas that face more variable climates.
Bodegas Chaves S.L. is a family business with a great wine tradition background since that it was founded more than half a century ago, specifically in 1955, by José Chaves.
The Chaves family was actively present in the creation of the recognized D.O. Rías Baixas, being this way the second winery in order of inscription and also was the first to elaborate the prestigious albariños of the Salnés Valley, as is evidenced by its Diploma to the First Albariño Grower in Cambados, village that was recently named European City of Wine 2017.
The winery produces their albariño from its own vineyards, which helps the sanitary control of the grapes and respects the environment. Its aim is: 'listen to the land and only act when it’s necessary', and that's why they have reduced to the maximum the application of biocide or plant protection products and they count with the first vineyards of ecological cultivation of the area.
Its vineyards are located in a privileged place between the villages of Cambados, Ribadumia and Meis, in the province of Pontevedra, very little above the sea level and the parent rock granite. These orographic characteristics give its wines a complex structure, mineral and with an extraordinary aromatic range. They are called wines of 'atlantic freshness' because of their freshness and the influence of sea breezes throughout its production process.
Castel de Fornos is the name of the first vineyard and first wine of the winery. Castel is a designation comparable to Grand Cru, an ideal place for the vine growing, that the Chaves family have in the place of Fornos, the place where the whole family saga was born.
Bouza do Rei is situated in Ribadumía in the heart of the Salnés Valley, between the estuaries of Arousa and Pontevedra, the largest coastal plain in Galicia. Established in 1984, Bouza do Rei was one of the first wineries registered in DO Rías Baixas with only 49.4 acres.
At present, Bodegas Bouza do Rei oversees the production of more than 247.1 acres of vineyards, averaging over twenty years of age. The vines are trellised on traditional granite posts, raised high above to prevent undue exposure to moisture, while maximizing their exposure to the sun and facilitating daily vineyard management and harvesting.
The winery uses the most modern technology available in the elaboration of its prestigious wines: state-of-the-art pneumatic presses, cooling equipment, filtering and micro-filtration presses, and stainless steel tanks for the elaboration and conservation of the wine.
The Martin family have been producing Albariño in the village of Barrantes for generations, originally for local consumption by friends, family and a few local restaurants. In 1981, Domingo Martin decided it was time to expand; he built the current cellar of Bodegas Castro Martin, with a capacity of 300,000 liters.
The first vintage in the current wine cellar was 1982, with more than than 30 vintages celebrated since at Bodegas Castro Martin. Located in the heart of the Salnés Valley, Castro Martin owns a total of 27.1 acres of vineyards, in locations that benefit from typical, sandy, alluvial soils on a base of granite and quartz. It is this soil and extended aging, combined with the cooling influence of the Atlantic Ocean that gives all Castro Martin wines their distinctive, but typically fresh and zesty Albariño style.
The winery is one of the original founding members of DO Rías Baixas, created in 1988, and has always been a family-owned and managed business. Today it is run by Domingo’s daughter Angela, who is also a biologist and qualified winemaker.
The philosophy of the business is to make the best wine possible using new innovation whenever possible, while also respecting the traditions of the denomination. The winery is also unique in that every wine they make is aged for at least 5 to 6 months on the lees. This technique not only adds to the complexity of the wine, but also extends the aging potential of each release.
Castrobrey is a family winery founded by José Castro Brey and Isabel Pereiro in 1983. Building on three generations of experience, the winery represents the model of the perfect fusion of artisan production with the most advanced techniques of cold maceration and controlled fermentation in stainless steel tanks.
The winery is located in Ulla Subarea, 12 miles from Santiago de Compostela. It is a warmer valley with a tradition of granite viticulture. Castrobrey is supplied with 22.2 hectares of own vines trained on high trellises, where Albariño, Treixadura, Godello , Torrontés whites as well as red Caiño and Mencia are cultivated.
Tricó is a local name in Rías Baixas that refers to the last, "unexpected" child in a family, one that is often much younger than its siblings. Tricó is the last son of José Antonio López, formerly of Lusco and much earlier of Morgadío. José Antonio López is a pioneer in the region, one of the winemakers responsible for the resurgence of Albariño as a quality wine with a worldwide presence.
Since their debut vintage, Tricó has been a leader in quality Albariño wines. Tricó is a wine that preserves the floral and fruity characteristics of the Albariño variety. It has great structure and voluptuousness in mouth, as well as a broader and longer palate. The goal is to preserve freshness and acidity, while gaining presence and intensity.
Condes de Albarei was founded in 1988 by a small group of vine growers from the Salnés Valley, who united their efforts and vineyards to make and market excellent, high-quality Albariños. Condes de Albarei was the first Spanish white wine to earn a Gold Medal at the Challenge International du Vin in Bordeaux in 1991, and ever since, their wines have earned the highest recognition in both national and international competitions.
Today, Condes de Albarei is a benchmark in D.O. Rías Baixas; Condes de Albarei Albariño is the flagship brand of the winery.
In 2008, Condes de
Albarei acquired Pazo Baión winery, a distinguished property with 54 acres planted
with Albariño vines. Pazo Baión is a single vineyard, estate-bottled
Albariño that rests on fine lees for six months with a limited production
of 40,000 bottles.
Corisca, a 100% organic Albariño wine, is made in its namesake small family-owned winery and is also the name of the only wine they produce. The project started in 2009 when the family decided to apply organic agriculture techniques to their Albariño vineyards. Corisca is a pioneer in organic viticulture in DO Rías Baixas and is the only certified organic winery in the region. As a result, they promote a natural winemaking process, characterized by respect for their land and agriculture.
Corisca is meticulously made. Following a manual harvest the wine is gently destemmed. Prior to fermentation, the wine undergoes a carbonic maceration for 6 hours and a pneumatic pressing at low pressure. Static settling occurs for 48 hours followed by fermentation in stainless steel tanks. Only natural yeasts are used; Corisca ages on the lees for 3 months.
Corisca has 9.9 acres of vineyards, with a production capacity of 15,000 bottles per harvest.
Bodegas Fillaboa is a stunning, historic estate that only produces limited-edition, small-production 100% Albariño wines. Fillaboa, which means "good daughter" in Galician, is the biggest estate on the property register of Pontevedra and one of the oldest in Galicia.
Bodegas Fillaboa owns 70 hectares (about 175 acres) of vineyards that are planted on rolling slopes, along the southern border of the Tea and Miño Rivers, a natural frontier with Portugal. The estate is divided into 11 distinct vineyard blocks, which create unique and personalized wines. The richness of the vineyard’s soil (which is well drained and extremely suitable for growing high-quality fruit), close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, rainy weather and mild temperatures make Fillaboa a truly special place for growing world-class Albariño.
In 2000 the Masaveu family acquired the Fillaboa estate, one of the oldest farms in Galicia, with a commitment to making it a benchmark of quality not only in Rías Baixas, but in all of Spain. This ambitious project is still pursued to this day under the direction of José Masaveu, who is part of the ‘new generation’ of the Masaveu Family. A wine lover and strong supporter of the unique terroir that has made Fillaboa a brand synonymous with quality around the world, José Masaveu is truly dedicated to making singular wines of excellence.
Bodegas Fillaboa is one of the only wineries in Rías Baixas that makes its wines from 100% estate-owned fruit. The winery is part of the “Grandes Pagos de España,” or “Great Estates of Spain,” an esteemed wine-growing association that promotes the culture of estate-grown wines. The driver of these exceptional estates are Spaniards who truly respect their land and their vines, and who are committed to offering only the best from their vineyards.
The Fillaboa estate is one of the oldest in Galicia and due to its natural heritage, the winery strives to preserve its integrated agriculture by collaborating with a program called ‘Environmental Practices,’ run by the local Galician government. Environmental Practices seeks to ensure environmentally-friendly viticulture among all of its member wineries in Rías Baixas.
The Granbazán story starts in the 1960s when Manuel Otero y Otero bought a land parcel planted with eucalyptus wood and feed for cattle. An entrepreneur, Otero dreamed of expanding the family's business of fine foods to fine wines. In the 1980s, his son, Manuel Otero Candeira, realized his dream with the construction of Granbazán, a chateau with a magnificent building surrounded by pergola trained vines. Granbazán’s attention to detail and high quality wine has been instrumental in the quality revolution in Galicia as well as in raising the reputation of Rias Baixas wines to their rightful place among the top white wines of the world.
The Granbazán winery is located in Vilanova de Arousa, very close to Cambados, the "World Albariño Capital." The soils here havea high granite content, grown 262.4 feet above sea level, with over 1500 mm / 60 in. of annual rainfall. The maritime influence is very intense, providing a distinctivesalty aftertaste, and a consistent ripening cycle. Harvest takes place thesecond half of September.Thefruit is hand-picked, then gently de-stemmed and cooledfor 8 hours at low temperatures in rotary macerators. Alcoholic fermentation takes place with native yeasts in stainless steel tanks.
Minimal invasive viticulture is a key practice to capture the elusive essence of theAlbariño grape. The ranges of wines produced at Granbazán have a common soul with crisp citrus fruit, and in some wines peach and green apple flavors, bakery aromas and a light musk fragrance. The leading wines are Granbazán Ambar and the Granbazán Verde. Ambar is produced from theproperty's oldest vines with a gentle lees aging and 100% free-runjuice, while the Granbazán Verde is very softly pressed, to produce a typical Salnes Valley Albariño style: dry, crisp and salty. Contrapunto is theyoungest Albariño release, and is very floral, crisp and refreshing. The Granbazán Limousin is aged for a minimum of 6 months in French oak barrels, resulting in a complex bouquet with tropical fruits and fine dry spices.
Bodegas la Caña is a boutique winery focused exclusively on quality, terroir and varietal expression. Its mission is to obtain the finest essence of the grape variety Albariño and the unique soil found in the winery´s vineyards. Jorge Ordoñez founded Bodegas La Caña in 2008, after spending many years promoting and launching the Albariño variety in the United States, while being the first to ever export it out of Spain. Bodegas La Caña stands out for its craftsmanship of native varieties from very old vines, which produce lower yields, but of a higher quality in all respects.
La Caña's vineyards are located in the village of Sisan Ribadumia, north of DO Rías Baixas, in the Valley of Salnés, close to the Atlantic Ocean. The grapes from La Caña come from 40 different single vineyards that total 62 acres in Sisan Ribadumia, with some plots as small as one fifth of an acre. These small plots allow a thorough quality control. All vines were planted before 1990 in the traditional “pergola” system, resulting in less-productive but higher quality vines than those planted later. The date of the plantings range from 1970, 1978, 1980, and 1984, which results in lower yields and higher concentration in the clusters (2.4 tons per acre for La Caña Navia and 3.6 tons per acre for La Caña).
The particular location for La Caña's vineyards benefits from the moderating climactic influences of the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic despite the fact these vineyards are on the same latitude as Massachusetts in USA, a cold zone. The poor vineyard soils, located less than 1.8 miles from the Atlantic, are mainly made up of sand from decomposed granite and are strongly acidic due to their proximity to the ocean. These unique features allow Bodegas La Caña to create singular, highly expressive wines.
During the maturation period, sugar and acid levels are controlled to determine the best harvest date. Grapes are hand-harvested at peak ripeness in 33 pound perforated plastic boxes.
Bodegas La Caña is a part of Grupo Jorge Ordoñez, which is a curated selection of Spanish boutique wineries producing some of the most prestigious and award-winning wines internationally in 13 different Denominations of Origin, and includes a team of some of the most world renowned enologists for every type of wine. The result is wines infused with Spanish spirit and terroir, yet firmly in line with modern taste sensibilities.
Lagar da Condesa is the project owned by the Gil Family in DO Rías Baixas, in the Val do Salnés region. The winery is located in Arcos da Condesa, with a great winery tradition, in the municipality of Caldas de Reis. The winery, built in granite, as the typical Pazos from Galicia, and surrounded by vineyards, has very modern technology. Their winemaking techniques are aimed at extracting the best qualities of the grape. Harvesting and processing is manual combining the traditional method with the latest technology. The first vintage was 2013 and the technical direction is managed by David Landin.
A southwest orientation allows optimum ripening and ventilation of the grapes. The sandy and granitic soils permit perfect water drainage coming from the frequent rains in the area. These conditions grow the perfect grapes for the wines produced by Lagar da Condesa.
Lagar de Fornelos is part of the La Rioja Alta, S.A. Group. Situated on the coast of the Atlantic, and nestled in a striking landscape, the winery is naturally enveloped by land, water and sky. Lagar de Fornelos only produces Albariño white wines (Lagar de Cervera and Pazo de Seoane O Rosal) from grapes sourced from the winery's 75 acres of vineyards, primarily located in the O Rosal area. The Orujo Viña Armenteira, a grape spirit distilled from musts, is also available in a pure, herb-flavored style.
Mar de Frades represents the deeply rooted traditions of the historic home of the Albariño varietal: Val do Salnés.
Val do Salnés is where the story of mono-varietal Albariño wines began, and where the most sophisticated white wines from Spain are made, characterized by their freshness and aromatic intensity.
Mar de Frades is in a privileged location: the Arousa estuary overlooking the Atlantic Ocean. Mar de Frades means Sea of the Friars in Galician language and is also the name of a place on the Arousa estuary near the mouth of the Umia river. History has it that pilgrims used to disembark at Mar de Frades on their route to the Camino de Santiago.
The winery's modern design resembles a sailboat. It is an innovative winery, whose iconic blue bottle symbolizes the modernity of Atlantic wines.
Bodegas Martín Códax was founded in 1986 and was named after the most known Galician troubadour whose medieval poems, the oldest in the Galician-Portuguese language, have survived to the present. In the poems, the troubadour sings to love, the sea and the coastline. Since its founding, Martín Códax has grown and developed, always supporting its people, its land and its culture.
The Martín Códax winery was founded in 1986 as a cooperative with about 50 local grape growers in Galicia in the northwest corner of Spain. From the first vintage, the wines were very well-received, and the winery expanded to meet the expectations of wine lovers at home and abroad. To maintain a supply of top-quality Albariño grapes, the winery acquired vineyards of its own and crafted long-term agreements with many family grape growers whose grapes met the winery's exacting standards. Today, Martín Códax oversees more than 1,400 small vineyard parcels farmed by 550 families in the Rías Baixas region around the town of Cambados. Martín Códax maintains its quality through continuous investment in research, innovation, and talented, creative people. The “signature” wine of Martín Códax is Albariño, the versatile white wine that has made Galicia famous among connoisseurs around the world. The wines of Martín Códax have won international acclaim and are sold in over 40 countries around the world, where they have come to symbolize Galician culture at its finest.
Morgadío is the easternmost inland estate of DO Rías Baixas, located in the sub-region of Condado do Tea. It was one of the first wineries to join the Rías Baixas appellation, with most of its vineyards planted on an experimental basis before the appellation was created.
In 1984 the Morgadío farm in Condado do Tea near the village of Albeos was consolidated from multiple existing owners, and planting began. The vineyard area was gradually expanded over the years to its current 98.8 acres.
Albariño's prominence as one of the world's foremost white varieties was driven by the work done by Morgadío from the 1980s to the mid -1990s. By the 1988 harvest, Morgadío completed installation of a state-of-the-art gravity-flow facility at the bottom of their vineyard, including pneumatic presses and isothermic stainless steel tanks. Since the 1996 vintage, the Méndez family of Orense has increased investment in the winery to reach the estate's full potential, currently at 10,000 cases annually of 100% estate-bottled Albariño.
The Pazo de Galegos vineyards are located near the town of San Pedro de Vilanova in the Valle del Ulla sub-zone at 738 feet of elevation. Valle del Ulla is the northernmost and driest of the five sub-zones in Rías Baixas. Our soils are sandy, which results in good water drainage and heat retention, while also offsetting humidity, which can contribute to vine disease. The low nutrients and low vigor of the soil limits vegetative growth and keeps yields naturally low, resulting in more concentrated aromas and flavors. The area’s climate has an average temperature from April to October of 58ºF, among the lowest average temperatures in Spain, with 42.6 inches of annual rainfall. Prime sunshine happens during the morning hours, when the most important part of the photosynthesis is taking place. Valle del Ulla has one of the lowest recorded levels of precipitation in the Rías Baixas region. We work in collaboration with the Galician regional government to monitor the moisture in our soils, the atmosphere, sunshine and the temperatures on a daily basis. This allows us to reduce the use of treatments and pesticides to a minimum level.
Bodegas Pablo Padín is a family-owned winery devoted to the production and marketing of still and sparkling Albariño wines. The winery is located in the heart of the Salnés Valley, the original home of the Albariño grape as well as the oldest sub-zone of DO Rías Baixas. In 1984, the Padín-Garrido family started up a small business project founded on a long tradition of family wine growing and winemaking. The goal was to launch production of Albariño wines to meet the growing demand from the region. In 1989, the modest firm formally launched as Bodegas Pablo Padín and incorporated into the recently founded DO Rías Baixas.
This progress fueled the modernization of the winery's infrastructure and technology, combined with the family's longstanding knowledge of the traditional elaboration of wine. This winning combination has allowed Bodegas Pablo Padín to present Albariño that ranks high among the wines of Rías Baixas. In 2012, Bodegas Pablo Padín added to their family legacy and became a pioneer in the production of one of the first sparkling Albariño wines from Rías Baixas, made in the Champenoise or Traditional Method inspired by the best of Champagne and Cava.
Founded in 2005, Paco & Lola is the fruit of a business initiative of a group of independent winegrowers from O Salnés who wanted to take their production to the highest professional level. These growers formed a cooperative called “Sociedad Cooperativa Vitivinícola Arousana,” which has over 400 members, making it the largest cooperative in DO Rías Baixas. Paco & Lola has almost 500 acres of vineyards situated over more than 1900 plots of land, typical of Galician small holdings.
A distinctive product identity, a desire to think outside of the box and a quest for global brand recognition are the three pillars of Paco & Lola’s business philosophy. This drives absolutely everything the winery accomplishes, from winemaking to packaging and bottle design – emboldened with Paco & Lola’s signature crisp, bold polka dots. By being true to their philosophy Paco & Lola has become one of the most recognized wineries in DO Rías Baixas. Ultimately the foundation on which these pillars stand is to make exceptional wines for exceptional people.
Pazo Pondal winery naturally blends into the impressive landscape of Arbo, Condado do Tea. The outdoor areas inspire and delight visitors, who are able to enjoy the exceptional views of our vineyards.
Currently, we are the second generation in a family tradition dedicated to the cultivation of our beloved Albariño. After many years of hard work, we saw our dreams come true in 2006 with the inauguration of the Pazo Pondal winery, built on the Pondal plot from which it gets its name.
We have inherited the passion, devotion and love of the vineyards from our ancestors, and are increasingly dedicated to viticulture that is responsible and respectful of the environment.
Since Olivia Hernandez joined our winery, Pazo Pondal has taken a total change in direction and has begun to envision a different future for the vineyard…
Due to her youth, sensitivity and love of wine, she strives to produce more personal wines, for the first time taking into account all the various environmental factors in their creation to produce wines that are the ultimate expression of their terroir.
She has brought together a like-minded team who has close involvement in the development of the winery, and a commitment to 100% responsible viticulture in order to make all of her projects, which include various styles of wines, a reality.
Apart from creating more personal wines she focuses much of her work on the regeneration of soils and reviving the ancestral practices of our grandparents.
Our mission with these soils is to minimise erosion due to area’s high rainfall and the sloping land, and to achieve mineral balance in the soils and fertility making the plants naturally healthy and avoiding dependency on chemicals/biocides.
At Pazo Pondal, we wish to play our part in preserving the environment. We are therefore proactively committed to its protection and sustainability.
Working closely with experts in the field, we started the conversion process in 2015, enhancing and controlling our own organic matter. Organic growing is our pledge to sustainable development.
Our goal is to ensure that there is minimal risk of the wine’s aromatic and organoleptic properties being altered through exposure of the grapes to certain chemical products. We are seeking to obtain organic grapes in a sustainable and balanced manner, preserving the fertility of the soil and respecting the biodiversity of the environment. Everyone working for us and with us strives to achieve this sustainability objective.
The Pazo San Mauro winery, located in DO Rias Baixas, was acquired in 2003 by Marqués
de Vargas Family Wines & Estates from Rioja. Since then, the new owners have invested
heavily in both the restoration of its magnificent buildings and the
construction of a new wine cellar, with the most advanced technologies for the
finest production of wine. The winery produces two white wines from the Albariño grape; all grapes are grown in the estate's own vineyards.
The Pazo (or manor house) that overlooks the property is located in the parish of San Pablo de Porto, part of the town of Salvaterra do Miño. Built in 1591, shortly after the chapel that was erected in 1582 in honor of San Mauro, or San Amaro, the Pazo was the main dwelling of Pereira do Castro, a descendant of King Sancho I of Portugal. Two magnificent family coat of arms hang in the chapel to attest to the family's noble history. Vine cultivation has always been intimately linked to the history of the Pazo. The remains of an old winepress can be found in the building, proving that wine was already being made in the Pazo in the 16th Century.The first modern bodega was built in 1988, when Pazo San Mauro was formally established.
The 75-acre estate is situated in a privileged location for the cultivation of the grape vine attributable to optimal soil conditions, an exceptional micro-climate, midday sunlight exposure and protection from northern winds. The Condado do Tea, where the winery is located, is the most southern area and therefore the sunniest. Because of this, a more complete and early maturity is achieved here, where harvesting can be carried out 15 to 20 days earlier and the required degree of alcohol can be guaranteed. The vines are planted in descending terraces towards the Miño River, creating a natural amphitheater facing south with extraordinary sunlight. The river stones on the hillsides and the alluvial soil on the riverbanks allow for the optimal cultivation of different varieties. Although the majority of the vines are Albariño, there are plantings of other white varieties, such as Loureiro, Treixadura and Torrontés. The grapes are grown on trellises in restricted production and are exposed to optimal ventilation, resulting in the highest quality fruit. The average vine age is 30 years.
During the harvest, we practice a rigorous selection of grapes, sourced exclusively from our estate vineyards. They are handpicked in 44 pound boxes. Once harvested, the stalks are removed and a cold maceration is carried out during which time the skins are in contact with the must for several hours in order to extract the highest degree of aromas. This is followed by a fermentation of 15 days in stainless steel tanks at 62-64ºF.
One of the wines produced in the winery (Sanamaro) is put through a process of “sur lie” and “bâtonnage”, in which the lees are in contact with the wine for several months in stainless steel tanks with frequent stirring. The result is a more complex wine with an oily texture.
Winery and Vineyards
Quinta Couselo is located in the subzone of O Rosal, on the southern limits of the mouth of the river Miño, and East of the Atlantic Ocean, entirely within the DO Rías Baixas. The soils benefit greatly from a special Atlantic micro-climate with mild temperatures, abundant in rainfall and the necessary hours of sunlight for an appropriate maturation of the grapes.
The vineyards grow on sedimentary soils rich in organic matter. They are are acidic and deep. The winery grows Albariño, Caiño Blanco, Loureiro and Treixadura. The vineyards are cared for with methods compatible with the protection and improvement of the environment (integrated production). Two different growing systems are used: trellises and the Galician Pergola.
Finca "A Cheira"
The “A Cheira” or “da quinta” property, where the winery is located, spans 4.9 acres of vineyard (mainly Albariño vines over 30 years of age, together with Loureiro and Caiño Blanco vines which are trained under the Pergola system). It is enclosed within the original walls built by Cistercian monks.
The two stone pines, which inspired the winery branding, are situated in the center of the Quinta estate and have persevered through O Rosal's history for the last 250 years. Year after year, with the beginning of the warm season, the outside of the winery is treated with great care to maintain a calm and relaxing atmosphere. The river Carballas or Tamuxe, last of the Miño´s tributaries, borders the southwest end of the property.
The "Sobral" or "mountain" estate is a plot located in an exceptional site 164 feet above sea level. It faces southwest, allowing for greater sun exposure, giving optimum ripening conditions to the grapes. It covers an area of 229,659 square feet with approximately 7.4 acres of Albariño vines over 15 years of age. The two training systems exist here as well: Trellis and Pergola. Its slate soil is quite rare in the area.
In addition to owning their own vineyards, for over 20 years they have been buying grapes from other winegrowers in the O Rosal area. Their cultivation process is controlled by technicians from Quinta Couselo. The winery is very aware of the influence that the growing process has on the quality of wine, which is why they do not allow the use of systematic fungicides in the vineyards.
All of the wines are made with estate grapes or from long-term grower vineyards. The winery carries out rigorous and continuous controls. Harvesting is done manually, transporting the grapes to a refrigerated container with a constant temperature of 46-50ºF. After selecting the grapes bunch by bunch on a vibrating table, the grapes are destemmed and then left in contact with their skins before undergoing pneumatic pressing to obtain a high quality must. Once completed, the wine is racked and placed into stainless steel vats for fermentation. Fermentation is completed at a controlled temperature of 61º F.
At Quinta de la Erre we create singular wines from a deep-rooted vineyard of 25 acres. Our wines combine tradition and modernity, integrating the techniques of our ancestors with the most modern winemaking practices. Quinta de la Erre is designed to produce wines from varieties sourced from our vineyards, which surround the winery. Positioned at the mouth of the River Miño and the foot of the Mount of la Magdalena, this is a unique place for the production of wines with a strong personality. The variety of stainless steel tank sizes allows small productions and batonnages, which further lend our wines a distinct personality.
Rectoral do Umia is located in the Salnés Valley of DO Rías Baixas, where the Albariño grape traditionally develops its maximum quality and strength. Our winery was founded in 2009 with deep, collective knowledge developed over more than 50 years of wine industry experience. We produce wines of excellent quality with the latest technology and under strict criteria to ensure consistent excellence every year.
Santiago Roma was born from a dream to produce an exceptional quality wine, respecting traditional handcrafted methods.The cellar is located in an old, restored farmhouse, partially buried on its north side and integrated with the vineyards. It boasts views of the Salnés Valley, overlooking 15 acres of owned vineyards. In all the winery controls 30 acres of vines.
Driven by a respect for the environment, the winery uses all-natural pesticides. Procedures such as as cold-pressing at low pressure, wild yeast fermentations and biological acidification through partial malolactic fermentation help ensure a sustainable, respectful vinification. The sum of our quality vineyards, terroir and climate fueled by the passion of our team adds up to sublime wines with a very personal nature. In short, a wine with character, matured by Santiago Roma from the vineyard to the bottle: an authentic Albariño born in Rias Baixas!
The O´Rosal district enjoys the most exceptional conditions found in the Rias Baixas Designation of Origin, thanks to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Miño River. Our vineyard can be found close to the estuary of this river, 38 hectares over which we cultivate the native grape varieties: Albariño, Loureiro, Treixadura, Caiño and Godello. Both the espalier system training and the microclimate o the area favour the magnificent levels of ripeness that the grapes achieve before being harvested by hand, placed in small crates for their subsequent hand sorting.
The ancient Santiago Ruiz winery, located in a 17th Century building and surrounded by old vines that are trained on pergolas in the ancient manner, is testimony to the winemaking tradition that has carried on here for generations. It is found in a typically idyllic Galician estate, with the vines surrounded by orange trees and adorned with historic mansions and many beautiful flowers.
Wine has been part of the history of the Santiago Ruiz family since the 19th Century; the family´s maternal grandfather being one of the first people to produce and label wines in Galicia. Once retired, Santiago Ruiz could dedicate himself fully o his true passion and became a great ambassador for wines from the Rias Baixas. His flair as a pioneer led him to bring the first stainless steel tanks to the region, placing him firmly at the cutting edge of winemaking.
Following the unique history of the winery, there is also a not less unique history of the label. Santiago Ruiz´s daughter, Isabel, was celebrating her wedding at the winery house. She drew a little map to help the guest to find the right way and as soon as Santiago Ruiz saw it, he added his name to the map and decided on that inimitable drawing to be the final label. The text on the label is his handwriting.
Established in 2003, Señorío de Rubios currently has 105 partners working together to combine traditional and modern values and techniques in their winemaking.The Miño River runs through Señorío de Rubiós in the Condado do Tea sub-zone of Rías Baixas. Together with innovation comes a respect for the essence of Albariño and its natural taste which can only come from well-cared for and properly harvested grapes.
© 2019 Rias Baxias - All Rights Reserved - Photo Credit: Xurxo Lobato